United Nations (AFP) – Iran is cracking down on protesters, illegally detaining human rights activists, together with New Nobel Peace Prize laureate Narges Mohammadi The UN unbiased investigator on human rights within the Islamic Republic stated in a report distributed on Friday that Iran had carried out an “alarming” variety of executions.
The wide-ranging report by Javed Rehman, masking the interval from October 2022 by way of July, was written earlier than the announcement early Friday that the Nobel Peace Prize can be awarded to Mohammadi, a long-time ladies’s rights activist even from her present Tehran jail cell. Disreputable. Evin Jail.
Rahman, a Pakistani-born professor of worldwide human rights regulation at Brunel College in London, singled out Mohammadi amongst legal professionals and human rights defenders imprisoned for his or her work on the report back to the Normal Meeting.
He strongly criticized the “extreme and deadly use of pressure” launched by the Iranian authorities in response Nationwide protests after 2022 Death of Mahsa Aminia 22-year-old member of the Kurdish minority, was arrested for sporting an “inappropriate hijab” or head masking.
By the tip of July, not less than 537 individuals, together with 68 kids and 48 ladies, had died on account of the protest and tons of extra had been injured “whereas 1000’s had been reported to have been arrested, detained or imprisoned,” Rahman stated.
Rehman expressed his disappointment that Iran didn’t conduct an unbiased and clear investigation into Amini’s dying or the unlawful use of pressure in opposition to protesters.
He beneficial that Iran’s Supreme Chief, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the nation’s authorities, judiciary and parliament. “Accept full responsibility” for Amini’s death And take quick remedial measures.
The investigator, appointed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council, additionally beneficial Khamenei and Iranian authorities conduct fast and unbiased investigations into the killing of protesters and “instantly finish all types of violence, together with sexual violence and harassment of ladies and feminine protesters.” “.
Rehman stated that following the protests, Iranian safety forces arrested not less than 576 civil rights activists, together with lecturers and advocates for commerce unions and minority teams.
“The arrests and assaults seem geared toward punishing and silencing human rights defenders and civil rights activists, notably with regard to ladies’s rights and people demanding accountability for Ms. Amini’s dying,” he stated, including that human rights legal professionals additionally stay imprisoned for his or her work.
“Human rights defender Narges Mohammadi remains to be in jail serving a 16-year jail sentence,” Rahman stated, referring to her title.
He added that the “numerous reviews” he had obtained “show that the rights to freedom of opinion, expression and participation are beneath critical risk” in Iran.
His report additionally famous “vital reviews” of arrests and threats in opposition to journalists for his or her unbiased reporting, together with protests.
Rahman stated that as of the tip of July, 21 journalists remained imprisoned, together with Nilofar Hamidi and Elahmohammadi, who reported on Amini’s dying and had been charged with “cooperating with the hostile US authorities,” “collusion in opposition to nationwide safety,” and interesting in propaganda exercise. Towards the authorities.
“These fees carry harsh sentences, maybe even the dying penalty.” He stated.
Rahman additionally famous “alarming reviews of suspected poisonings in ladies’ faculties throughout the nation.” He expressed concern concerning the timing of the occasions that started just a few weeks after the protests that swept the nation.
He added that for the reason that first case was reported in Qom Province on November 30, 78 focused poisonous assaults have been reported in additional than 100 ladies’ faculties throughout Iran. He added that greater than 13,000 college students, nearly all of whom had been ladies, obtained medical therapy. Signs included coughing, problem respiration, coronary heart palpitations, headache, nausea, vomiting, and numbness within the legs and arms.
Rahman stated that many mother and father pulled their daughters out of faculty for worry of those assaults.
He expressed grave concern that the authorities have subjected the schoolgirls, their mother and father, lecturers, journalists and others to harassment and violence – and have intimidated and arrested those that demand accountability and accuse the Iranian authorities of complicity or failure to cease the poisonings.
Rahman reported a “worrying enhance within the variety of executions” in 2022 – not less than 582, together with 256 for drug-related offences. He added that as of July 31, 419 individuals had been executed this yr, together with not less than 239 on drug-related fees.
Rahman stated that for the reason that protests started throughout the nation, not less than seven individuals have been executed for his or her involvement. The federal government claimed that six of the defendants confessed to attacking and killing Basij, paramilitary volunteers fiercely loyal to the Islamic Republic, or law enforcement officials, he stated.
Rahman stated he was “deeply involved by reviews that confessions extracted beneath torture and the implementation of the dying penalty after judicial proceedings considerably violated the best to a good trial.” He stated that he thought-about the execution of the seven demonstrators a violation of the Worldwide Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.