Mon. Dec 4th, 2023
What to know about the dispute between Canada and India over the killing of a Sikh leader

Prime Ministers Justin Trudeau of Canada and Narendra Modi of India shake palms earlier than the G20 summit in New Delhi, September 9, 2023. Credit score – Evan Fauci – POOL/AFP/Getty Pictures

CCanadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau instructed an emergency session of Parliament on Monday that the nation’s intelligence companies are investigating “credible allegations” that the killing of a outstanding Canadian Sikh activist in June is linked to “Indian authorities brokers.”

“Any involvement of a overseas authorities within the killing of a Canadian citizen on Canadian soil is an unacceptable violation of our sovereignty,” Trudeau instructed lawmakers.

Trudeau’s announcement was adopted by the expulsion of the top of India’s intelligence company in Canada. Overseas Minister Mélanie Jolie stated: “Right now we’re performing by expelling a key diplomat, however we are going to resolve the matter.”

The Indian Overseas Ministry issued an announcement on Tuesday morning calling the allegations “ridiculous” and saying it might expel an unnamed senior Canadian diplomat in response.

Here is what to know concerning the homicide, the Sikh separatist motion, and the way it impacts Indo-Canadian relations.

Who’s Hardeep Singh Nagar?

Hardeep Singh Nigar was shot to demise in his truck on June 18, 2023, by two masked males in entrance of a Sikh temple in Surrey, British Columbia.

The 45-year-old, who immigrated to Canada within the Nineteen Nineties, has been a vocal supporter of the Khalistan motion, which requires a separate homeland for the ethnic Sikh neighborhood – who make up lower than 2% of the nation’s inhabitants – in India. Punjab area. On the top of the insurgency within the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties, tens of hundreds have been killed amid armed violence between Khalistan supporters and the Indian military.

مشيعون يحملون نعش زعيم مجتمع السيخ ورئيس المعبد هارديب سينغ نيجار خلال مراسم جنازة استمرت يومًا كاملاً في ساري، كولومبيا البريطانية، 25 يونيو 2023.<span class="حقوق النشر">Darryl Dyke – The Canadian Press/AP</span>” data-src=”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTk2MDtoPTYzOQ–/ 76e4df3d010″/><noscript><img alt=Darryl Dyke – The Canadian Press/AP” src=”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTk2MDtoPTYzOQ–/ 6e4df3d010″ class=”caas -img”/>

Mourners carry the coffin of Sikh neighborhood chief and temple president Hardeep Singh Nigar throughout a day-long funeral service in Surrey, British Columbia, June 25, 2023.Darryl Dick – The Canadian Press/AP

Help for the Khalistan motion continued to resonate in diaspora communities all over the world. In Canada, which has the biggest Sikh inhabitants exterior Punjab, separatist protests generally happen in entrance of Indian diplomatic missions – a transfer that has sparked alarming statements from the Indian authorities.

It’s recognized that the authorities in India, the place Hindu nationalism is on the rise, are fiercely pursuing Sikh separatists. In March, they went as far as to limit web providers for about 30 million individuals to go after one other Sikh chief who helps the Khalistan motion.

Learn extra: India’s hunt for Sikh militant leader leads to internet shutdowns and global protests

Likewise, Najjar was described by Indian authorities as a “terrorist”, and he was needed by India’s Nationwide Investigation Company in reference to the alleged killing of a Hindu priest in Punjab – a cost denied by Najar’s supporters.

Canadian media mentioned In June, Al-Najjar obtained a warning from “gang members” and the Canadian Safety Intelligence Service that he was being focused by “skilled killers.” Canadian investigators stated final month that that they had recognized three suspects in Al-Najjar’s killing, however nobody has been arrested but.

How does the assassination divide Canada and India?

Trudeau raised the difficulty of Nigar’s killing to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi earlier this month on the sidelines of the G20 summit in New Delhi, he stated on Monday, including that he urged the Indian authorities to “cooperate with Canada to resolve the matter.” This matter.”

Then again, India continues to view Sikh activists as a risk to its nationwide safety. After the G20 assembly between the 2 leaders, the Indian Overseas Ministry stated in an announcement that Modi, in flip, expressed his concern to Trudeau concerning the anti-India protests in Canada. “They’re selling secession, inciting violence in opposition to Indian diplomats, destroying diplomatic buildings and threatening the Indian neighborhood in Canada and their locations of worship,” the assertion learn.

Bilateral tensions seem to have seeped into different diplomatic engagements – most notably the sporadic commerce talks the 2 international locations have held since 2010.

Final week, Canada introduced the postponement of its commerce minister’s go to to India, which was scheduled for October, with out specifying the rationale for the postponement. The announcement got here after the 2 international locations introduced they have been pausing commerce talks with one another, months after they agreed to signal a preliminary settlement to extend bilateral commerce and funding by this 12 months.

Trudeau’s public announcement on Monday solely exacerbated tensions, with Canadian authorities vowing to “maintain the perpetrators accountable and produce them to justice.”

Jolie, the overseas minister, additionally stated Trudeau raised the difficulty with President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak. Neither authorities commented on the matter.

Trudeau’s announcement Monday was met with assist from lawmakers throughout the spectrum in addition to from Canada’s Sikh neighborhood — together with Opposition Chief Jagmeet Singh, head of the New Democratic Social gathering, who can also be Sikh. “Listening to the Prime Minister of Canada verify a potential connection between the homicide of a Canadian citizen on Canadian soil by a overseas authorities is one thing I might by no means have imagined,” Singh stated.

“Right now, the Prime Minister of Canada publicly stated what Sikhs in Canada have recognized for many years, which is that India is actively focusing on Sikhs in Canada,” stated the top of the World Sikh Group of Canada. statement Revealed on Monday.

“Additionally it is understood that many different Canadian Sikhs are being threatened by India and are on so-called ‘kill lists,’” the assertion added.

Conservative Social gathering Chief Pierre Poilievre stated Canadian residents “ought to be protected from extrajudicial killings” and referred to as on the Indian authorities to “act with the utmost transparency” as investigations into the killings proceed.

Responding to Trudeau’s allegations, India reiterated in a Overseas Ministry assertion on Tuesday that “Khalistani terrorists and extremists” residing in Canada pose a risk to India’s sovereignty. “The truth that Canadian political figures publicly categorical sympathy for such components stays deeply regarding.”

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